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12 March 2002
5/2002
Commemorative Issue

Lighthouses

Australia
The need for lighthouses is ancient and practical. Some three thousand years ago wood-burning beacons were used to guide vessels safely to harbour.

Through the ages wood was replaced by coal and oil. The smokeless oil lamp was a great improvement. Then reflective surfaces were used to increase the power of the lights.

Later rotating lights and reflectors which enabled each lighthouse to produce a unique signal were a boon to navigation.

When lenses and prisms were added the lighthouses produced a more tightly focused beam of light which improved the visibility of a lighthouse

Macquarie, NSW  

Macquarie, NSW

:

This was Australia

Cape Naturaliste, WA  

Cape Naturaliste, WA

:

The Western Australian Engineer-in-Chief, CSR Palmer, was responsible for the design of the stone lighthouse tower and residences at Cape Naturaliste. The 20 m high tower was constructed from locally quarried limestone on a bluff so that its light was 123 m above high water. Its 4.6 m diameter lantern was manufactured by Chance Brothers of Birmingham, England.

The light was converted to automatic operation in 1978 and was demanned in 1996.

  Troubridge Island lighthouse

Cape Bruny, TAS  

Cape Bruny, TAS

:

The Cape Bruny tower was designed by John Lee Archer, Tasmanian Colonial Engineer. It was built using convict labour and used stone cut on the dramatic, exposed site.

Construction of the white, circular 13 m tower was completed in 1838. The cast-iron staircase was added in 1903.

The lighthouse was replaced in 1996 by an automated solar light station on the adjacent headland. The historic lighthouse

Technical Information

Issue date .......................... 12 March 2002
Denominations ....................One x 45c, two x 49c, one x $1.50
Designer ............................Sean Pethick, Melbourne
Stamp size (all)....................26 x 37.5 mm
Gummed stamps (sheets):
Printer/Paper ................McPhersons/Tullis Russell
Gummed stamps (prestige booklet):
Printer/Paper ................SNP Ausprint/Tullis russell
Self-adhesive stamps:
Printer/Paper ................SNP Ausprint/ JAC B 100
Perforations ........................14.6 x 13.86
Sheet layout ......................Sheets of 50, two modules of 25
National postmark ..............Beacon WA 6472
copyright notice: This material has been reproduced with permission of the Australian Postal Corporation. The original work is held in the National Philatelic Collection.
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