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19 February 2008
4/2008
Commemorative Issue

Centenary of Scouting in Australia

Australia
The centenary of the Scouting movement was celebrated worldwide in 2007 marking the first experimental camp for 20 boys at Brownsea Island, England in August 1907. The founder of Scouting, Lord Robert Baden-Powell, used the opportunity to test his ideas for an outdoor education program that "developed pluck, intelligence, initiative, and a spirit of adventure". The success of this initiative led to two publications: Scouting for Boys and Scout both appearing in instalments in 1908. Scouting quickly spread around the world and the arrival of these pamphlets in Australia led to the rapid development of scouting in this country.

Scouts on stamps

Only two previously issued Australian stamps featured Scouts - a 2 1/2d Pan-Pacific Scout Jamboree 1948-49 and a 3 1/2d Pan-Pacific Scout Jamboree 1952-53. The common design for both stamps was a Rover Scout with the model for the design being Owen Manley (son of the stamp designer and engraver of the stamps, Frank Manley). Both father and son worked at the Note Printing Branch, Melbourne.

Australia had planned to produce a third Scouts stamp issue in late 1956 to mark the Pan-Pacific Scout Jamboree of 1956-57, but the stamp was abandoned due to a change in commemorative stamp issue policy. In 1960 the 50th Anniversary of Guides was recognised with a 5d stamp incorporating a portrait of Baden-Powell. Two PSEs also commemorated Scouts: a 24c 4th Asia-Pacific Scout Jamboree (1979) and 27c 75th Anniversary of Scouting (1982). In earlier years, the Postmaster-General's Department usually established temporary post offices at Scout and Guide Jamborees. The first major Jamboree in Australia was held at Frankston, Victoria (24 December 1934 to 10 January 1935), at which a TPO operated with a commemorative postmark.

Scouting Today  

Scouting Today

:

Scouting is now an international movement dedicated to building peace and understanding among young people of different cultures and backgrounds. The movement is recognised as the world's largest youth development organisation and is active in almost every country in the world. Since the Scouting movement was formed more than 250 million people have joined.

There are currently some 60,000 scouts in Australia, in five different groups: Joeys (6 to 7 year olds); Cubs (8 to 10); Scouts (11 to 14); Venturers (15 to 17); and Rovers (18 to 26).

Originally Scouts was a movement for boys, however, girls were admitted to Venturer Scouts and Rovers in 1973 and to Cub Scouts and Scouts in 1988. Joeys began in 1990 and has always admitted both girls and boys.

Lord Robert Baden-Powell  

Lord Robert Baden-Powell

Scouting in Australia  

Scouting in Australia

:

The growth of Scouting in Australia was organic and occurred during the first half of 1908. By the end of that year membership figures in New South Wales were 1,200 boys. In Victoria the First Caulfield Troop was formed in June 1908. The visits made to Australia by Baden-Powell in 1912, 1927, 1931 and 1934

Technical Information

Issue Date: 2008-02-19
FDI Withdrawal Date: 2008-03-18
Denominations: One each 50c, $1.30, $1.95
Designer: Asprey Creative
Printer: SEP Sprint
Paper: Tullis Russell
Printing Process: Lithography
Size: 37.5mm x 26mm
Performations: 13.86 x 14.6
Sheet Layout: 50
Special Feature: Cloth badge on prestige cover
National Postmark: Frankston, Vic 3199
copyright notice: This material has been reproduced with permission of the Australian Postal Corporation. The original work is held in the National Philatelic Collection.
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