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14 January 2014
2/2014
Commemorative Issue

Native Orchids

Australia
Known for their exquisite flowers, orchids are the largest family of flowering plants in the world, with more than 30,000 species identified. Distributed in most countries, they are prolific in tropical regions. Australia has around 1,300 orchid species, with 95 per cent of these not found anywhere else in the world.

Orchids are either terrestrial, having an underground root system, or epiphytic, where they grow on host trees for support. A subset of epiphytic orchids is the lithophytic orchid, which grows on exposed rocks.

Golden Rock Orchid Dockrillia striolata ssp. Chrysantha  

Golden Rock Orchid Dockrillia striolata ssp. Chrysantha

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Also called the Streaked Rock Orchid, this lithophytic species is found in south-eastern Australia. The subspecies chrysantha is endemic to Tasmania, and has fragrant, creamy yellow flowers. Tasmania has about 210 species of native orchids.

Bee Orchid Caladenia discoidea  

Bee Orchid Caladenia discoidea

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This terrestrial orchid, also called the Dancing Spider Orchid, is endemic to Western Australia. The name means “club-bearing” and refers to the broad, flat, deeply fringed labellum.

Orange Blossom Orchid Sarcochilus falcatus  

Orange Blossom Orchid Sarcochilus falcatus

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The scent and shape of this orchid’s flowers are similar to orange blossoms. It is distributed throughout eastern Australia up to Cape York Peninsula.

Shirt Orchid Thelymitra campanulata  

Shirt Orchid Thelymitra campanulata

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Also called the Bell Sun Orchid, this orchid is endemic to the south-west of Western Australia. Two distinctive features have contributed to its common names: the small flowers often have a bell-shaped appearance, and the fine striping on petals and sepals.

Official First Day Covers

Official FDC Native Orchids

Technical Information

Issue date: 14 January 2014
Issue withdrawal date: 31 July 2014
FDI withdrawal date: 11 February 2013
Denominations: 4 x 60c
Stamp design: Sonia Young
Product design: Sonia Young
Printer: EGO
Paper - gummed: Tullis Russell
Paper - self-adhesive: B100
Printing process: Litography
Stamp size: 26mm x 37.5mmm
Perforations: 13.86 x 14.6
Sheet layout: Module of 50
National postmark: Glenorchy, Tas 7010
copyright notice: This material has been reproduced with permission of the Australian Postal Corporation. The original work is held in the National Philatelic Collection.
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